Today Osmaniye is a province in Turkey, the centre of a rich agricultural region well watered by the Ceyhan river system and well known (GI) for growing peanuts. There are plenty of forests too and much of the surrounding countryside is very attractive. The province is situated in Çukurova, a geographical, economical and cultural region.
Area 3,767 km². Population of Osmaniye city: 219,339. Osmaniye Province: 512,804 (2014). Osmaniye is at an elevation of 125 meters (410.1 feet). 25 km from the Mediterranean coast.
Osmaniye has been inhabited for thousands of years. The history of these places goes back to the earliest known periods. It has been the scene of the lives of states such as Hittite, Assyrian, Persian, Greek, Roman, Byzantine and some tribes since the first ages.

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